An analysis of the fall of forts henry and donelson during the civil war of the united states

It was also fading in the border states and in Southern cities, but it was expanding in the highly profitable cotton districts of the rural South and Southwest.

The fall of Atlanta on September 2,was a significant factor in the re-election of Abraham Lincoln. Louisiana January 26,and Texas February 1, InRobert E.

But the states admitted following California were all free: It proved to be the death struggle of a society, which went down in ruins.

The Union significantly outnumbered the Confederacy, both in civilian and military population. Union cavalry pursued the retreating Confederates, but poor road conditions prevented any serious confrontation and they took few captives.

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The Confederacy had no navy as the war started and bought most of its ships from England and France.

Nashville, Tennessee fell to the Union early in The Confederate territory of Arizona was proclaimed by Col. Therefore, scorched earth tactics would be required in some important theaters.

The American Civil War was one of the earliest true industrial wars. When the Tennessee River was dammed in the s, creating Kentucky Lakethe remains of Fort Henry were permanently submerged. Grantwho won victories at Forts Henry and Donelson and seized control of the Tennessee and Cumberland rivers.

Lincoln had even encouraged abolitionists with his "House divided" speech, [1] though that speech was also consistent with an eventual end of slavery achieved gradually and voluntarily with compensation to slave-owners and resettlement of former slaves.

If Grant had been cautious and delayed his departure by two days, the battle would have never occurred. From toit is estimated thattosoldiers died, [21] along with an undetermined number of civilians. Although the northern half of New Mexico never voted to secede, the Confederacy did lay claim to this territory and briefly occupied the territorial capital of Santa Fe between March 13 and April 8,but never organized a territorial government.

While practically all Northerners supported the Union, Southerners were split between those loyal to the entire United States called "unionists" and those loyal primarily to the southern region and then the Confederacy.

The more industrialized economy of the North, which aided in the production of arms and munitions. The USS Essex was seriously damaged when a pound shot from Fort Henry penetrated the ironclad, hitting the middle boiler and sending scalding steam through half the ship.

A small class of slave barons, especially cotton planters, dominated the politics and society of the South. However, before his inaugurationseven slave states with cotton -based economies declared secession and formed the Confederacy.

It was deemed a "Tariff of Abominations" and its provisions would have imposed a significant economic penalty on South Carolina and other southern states if left in force.

Yet the issues were large, and the battle decisive in resolving them. The Crittenden Compromise of was an expression of this view. Strong compatible railroad links between Union cities, which allowed for the relatively quick movement of troops. Trans-Mississippi Theater — Though geographically isolated from the battles to the east, a number of military actions took place in the Trans-Mississippi Theater, a region encompassing states and territories to the west of the Mississippi River.

American Civil War

The slave states, which had already become a minority in the House of Representatives, were now facing a future as a perpetual minority in the Senate and Electoral College against an increasingly powerful North.

McClernand and Charles F. Most historians now disagree with the economic determinism of historian Charles A. While leaving artillery in the fort to hold off the Union gunboats, he ordered the majority of his force to march, under the command of Col. Halleckand the war began in earnest in The first cannon was test fired on July 12, However, the first military transfer of troops, from the Shenandoah Valley to Manassas in Julyhelped the Confederacy gain its victory at the First Battle of Bull Run.The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war (although a Declaration of War was never issued by either the United States Congress, nor the Congress of the Confederate States) fought in the United States from to As a result of the long-standing controversy over slavery, war broke out in Aprilwhen Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina.

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American Civil War - U.S. History Images: Battle of Fort Henry This page has nine illustrations of the Battle of Fort Henry, which was fought on February 6,in western was the first important victory for the Union and Brig.

Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in the Western Theater. The events of February, at Forts Henry and Donelson have long been overshadowed by other Civil War events. While most people, then and now, focus on the Eastern Theatre of the war, it was in the west that the war was won and lost.

Lily, Lindy M. Zart Underwater Homes, Therese Hopkins Bulgarian Horrors and the Question of the East (), William Ewart Gladstone By Stroke of Sword - A Romance Taken from the Chronicles of Sir Jeremy Clephane (), Jeremy Clephane, Judas Fraser, Andrew Balfour.

The Battle of Fort Henry was fought on February 6,in western Middle Tennessee [clarification needed], during the American Civil was the first important victory for the Union and Brig.

Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in the Western Theater. On February 4 and 5, Grant landed two divisions just north of Fort Henry on the Tennessee River.

Battle of Fort Henry

(The troops serving under Grant were the nucleus of.

An analysis of the fall of forts henry and donelson during the civil war of the united states
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