Unlike Mesopotamian kings, the Egyptian king was represented as Horus and as the son of Re. The Egyptian culture viewed the Nile River as a source of unending bounty to be received with thanks, not as a menacing cause of floods.
In Egypt, the Nile River overflowed its banks annually, depositing rich natural fertilizing elements that enabled Egyptians to grow wheat and barley, often providing a surplus.
The Egyptian Book of the Dead was a guide for the dead, setting out magic spells and charms to be used to pass judgment in the afterlife. By the third millennium B. Science in the Egyptian civilization was based on mathematics and astronomy, and was less advanced than the science of Mesopotamia.
Egypt, did not however establish the epic literary tradition that was prevalent in Mesopotamia. No written law or code was developed in Egypt. Egyptian culture was influenced to some degree by Mesopotamia, Egypt separated from Mesopotamia in many ways other than politics.
The Sumerian afterlife involved a descent into a gloomy netherworld to spend eternity in a wretched existence as a Gidim ghost. Thebes and the temple complex of Karnak were home to the worship of Amen- Ra.
While the yearly rise of the Nile in Egypt was predictable, this was not the case in Mesopotamia. The power of religious leaders was undermined by the increase of the kings power.
In both Mesopotamia and Egypt, the system of writing was complex and therefore mainly used by the upper classes. The major god for much of Mesopotamia was the sky god Enlil; later th e worship of Enlil was replaced by the worship of the Babylonian god Marduk. Such was the message Popular Essays.
Mesopotamia was originally focused in the river-valley between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, but the civilization eventually spread throughout an entire region. The longest dynastic rule in Mesopotamian history is that of Sargon I that lasted but years.
Egypt was substantially more self-sufficient than Mesopotamia with copper and turquoise deposits in the Sinai desert to the east and gold from Nubia to the south were within reach. Politically, Mesopotamia culture created compact self-governing political units the city-states. Political changes occurred in Mesopotamia because of the succession of people that followed the initial Sumerian people who established their temporary political dominance.
Mesopotamia Mesopotamian religion saw humans as the servants of the gods, who had to be appeased for protection. Egypt was first to establish the calendar of the solar year. The Egyptians used a calendar based on the natural cycles and it suggests that they were trying to predict the cycle of Nile flooding.
You can order a custom essay on Mesopotamia and Egypt now! Although different in many aspects of life, there are also several similarities between the two civilizations. Egypt spent most of its history as a unified monarchy, whereas Mesopotamia seems to have begun as a collection of city-states known as Sumeria and continued to be dominated by a pair of mutually hostile powers: In sharp contrast is the continuity of political history in ancient Egypt.Egypt And Mesopotamia Although the Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations paved the way modern civilizations, they have more differences that are illustrated in the areas of military, agriculture & society, and government types.
Talisha Bell Block#3 Compare and Contrast of Egypt and Mesopotamia Essay The plains flood when the. river rises, and is blesses 4/4(4).
Compare and Contrast: Egypt and Mesopotamia essaysThroughout the history of the earth, man has evolved from nomadic hunters and gatherers into the civilized people we are today.
Studying this progression, we come upon many fascinating places, things, and peoples. The most prominent development, in m. Comparison between Mesopotamia and Egypt Essay Mesopotamia and Egypt were two civilizations that while similar in some ways, also had many differences.
Not only did they differ in the geographical layout of the civilization, but also in. Egypt & Mesopotamia Comparison Essays. Egypt and Mesopotamia Comparison In order to completely understand the relationship between two events, comparing and contrasting is necessary. Essays; Compare and Contrast Mesopotamia; Compare and Contrast Mesopotamia.
12 December Because Egypt was the “gift of the Nile” and generally prosperous and harmonious, Egyptian gods tended to reflect a positive religion with an emphasis on a positive afterlife.
In contrast, Mesopotamian religion was bleak and gloomy.Download