After his marriage to Roshanak Roxana which had cemented his relations with the satrapies of Central Asia, he turned his eyes towards India.
Tutored as a boy by Aristotle, Alexander had an inquisitive mind that would serve him well when he faced formidable obstacles during his military campaigns. At the time of his death, the empire of Alexander covered 5.
His conquests introduced Macedonian rule to several parts of Asia and many of these areas remained under Greek influence for the next two-three centuries. Alexander emerges as a fully fleshed-out figure, and the descriptions of his conquests and battles make for riveting reading.
Considered among the greatest generals in history, his military tactics are still taught in military academies. He established the greatest empire of the ancient world; Greek coins and statues are found as far east as Afghanistan. This battle was the last nail in the coffin and Alexander had finally conquered the powerful Achaemenid Empire.
Heavy losses were inflicted on the Greek army but after holding the gate for a month, the Persians were finally encircled and defeated.
These wins was followed by the razing of the city of Thebes, who had revolted again. The author of several previous books including Alexander the Great, St. It was perhaps these qualities that sustained his long and treacherous campaign where he was undefeated in battle.
Above all, he was ferociously, intensely competitive and could not tolerate losing—which he rarely did. The armies were face to face in the Battle of Gaugamela in present day Kurdistan.
It was managed efficiently through centralized bureaucratic administration using Satraps similar to governor of provinces under the King. Alexander would continue to use this advantage against the Persians and fight many more battles near river banks.
His campaigns also greatly increased contact and trade between east and west. Alexander and Porus during the Battle of the Hydaspes — Painting by Charles Le Brun 10 Alexander the Great is regarded as one of the most influential people in history At the time of his death, the empire of Alexander was the largest state of its time covering around 5, square kilometers 2, sq mi.
Only a handful of people have influenced history as Alexander did, which is why he continues to fascinate us. He was a general of such skill and renown that for two thousand years other great leaders studied his strategy and tactics, from Hannibal to Napoleon, with countless more in between.
The fall of Gaza pushed Alexander into Egypt where he was seen more as a liberator.
Alexander could be petty and magnanimous, cruel and merciful, impulsive and farsighted. Each soldier was armed with a 13 to 20 foot long sarissa, the first five ranks held their spears horizontally in front of the advancing phalanx.
This surprised Darius, who elected to change position and attack the infantry of the Greeks. Defeating various clans and tribes in the region Alexander crossed the Indus to fight the Battle of Hydrapes against Porus, the ruler of Punjab.
Shortly after taking command of the army, he launched an invasion of the Persian empire, and continued his conquests as far south as the deserts of Egypt and as far east as the mountains of present-day Pakistan and the plains of India.
The commander of Gaza, Batis, had refused to surrender to Alexander. The death of Phillip had emboldened many states and tribes; like the Athens, Thessaly and Thebes; to revolt.
The Greek phalanx attacked the center of the enemy lines. The syntagma was surrounded by light infantry with some archers, slingers, and javelin men. The celebrated Macedonian king has been one of the most enduring figures in history.
Alexander was quickly named successor to the throne by his army and nobles alike. This Day in History. Our interest in him has never faded.In his lively and authoritative biography of Alexander, classical scholar and historian Philip Freeman describes Alexander’s astonishing achievements and provides insight into the mercurial character of the great conqueror.4/4(19).
In his lively and authoritative biography of Alexander, Philip Freeman describes Alexander's astonishing achievements and provides insight into the mercurial character of the great conqueror. Alexander could be petty and magnanimous, cruel and merciful, impulsive and farsighted/5().
Originally Answered: What were Alexander the Great's greatest achievements? I can't understand what makes people think Alexander, et al (Charlemagne, Genghis) is so great. He was a war monger of the highest caliber with a. In his lively and authoritative biography of Alexander, classical scholar and historian Philip Freeman describes Alexander’s astonishing achievements and provides insight into the mercurial character of the great conqueror/5().
In his lively and authoritative biography of Alexander, classical scholar and historian Philip Freeman describes Alexander’s astonishing achievements and provides insight into the mercurial character of the great conqueror/5(25).
Alexander the Great was a king of Macedonia who conquered an empire that stretched from the Balkans to modern-day Pakistan. Alexander was the son of Philip II and Olympias (one of Philip's seven.Download